election commission of india
Structure of Election Commission of India
The secretariat of the Commission has three hundred officials, and is situated in the city of New Delhi. The Deputy Election Commissioners & Director Generals are the top most authorities in the secretariat. The President of India make appointment of the Chief Election Commissioner of India aka CEO, who works for 6 years and should go retired at the age of 65. The Commissioner is usually a member of the Civil Services, and more always, of the Indian Administrative Services, IAS, the Indian Revenue Services, or IRS. He can be dismissed from his office through the impeachment idea, which requires to be taken in the Parliament. The President of India can dismiss the other officers on the Chief Commissioner’s suggestion.
Works and Powers of Election Commission of India
The core functions of the Election Commission are as under:
- The Election Commission of India is taken the custodian of free & good elections.
- It gives the Model Code of Conduct in each election for political parties and representatives so that the dignity of democracy is balanced.
- It governs political parties and make registration for being entitled to contest elections.
- It releases the fixed limits of campaign expenditure per candidate to whole political parties, and also watches the same.
- The political parties should surrender their yearly reports to the ECI for obtaining tax benefit on shares.
- It make sures that all the political parties normally submit their audited financial reports.
Few of the powers wielded by the EC are as under:
- The Commission can suppress the progress of opinion polls if it considers such an action fit for the reason of democracy.
- The Election Commission can recommend for disqualification of members after the ig elections if it felts they have violated few aspects.
- In case, a candidate is identified guilty of corrupt practices in the central government elections, the Supreme Court & High Courts consult the Commission.
- The Commission can remove candidates who miss to give their election expense accounts in time.